help with “over th” vs “under th”

Is there a default for “under th”? I got stuck reading [ten o] which was intended as “to know.”

In the process I realized unless there’s a preference for “though” using the under version (which is the way it is in the dictionary) it would be indistinguishable from “to know” and I haven’t been able to find a rule in the books about this though I suspect one is there.

In other words is it incorrect to write “though” using the ‘over’ version..which also makes it look just like “to know”?


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  1. Yes, it is incorrect. Paragraph 42 of the regular S90 manual (not the FM) explains it: “The over ith is used in most words, but when ith is joined to o, r, l, the under ith is used.”

    Incidentally, none of the FM manuals in any of the series contain these instructions. One is supposed to figure the rule out …

    1. As always, you are a font of shorthand wisdom!

      And I am using FM manuals so that explains why I couldn’t find it. I guess it’s fair for them to let us ‘just figure it out’ as I think I have in fact gleaned this. However, it took this specific hiccup for me to go looking for a rule. Still seems odd they’d leave it out. . .

      I wonder what else they may have left out..  :/

      1. There are quite a few things they left out from the FM manuals. For example, in the regular manuals, there are additional penmanship pointers and joining rules (how to join the s, th, etc.) presented in every sixth lesson (the review lesson). These were replaced in the FM manuals with extra reading/writing practice.

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